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(Correct Answer) MPH506 Module 8: Assessment: Interprofessional Collaborative Practice Project

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Requirements

  • To complete this project, you will need to access the following learning resource:
  • The Interprofessional Collaborative Practice Project is worth 250 points and will be graded on the basis of a completed certificate to be submitted for this assignment by the due date. This is a pass/fail assignment, there is no associated rubric.

From the options below, what information would a healthcare provider use first in a clinical assessment of a patient complaining of diarrhea?

  • Background prevalence of gastrointestinal complaints in the community, pathogen
  • Background prevalence of gastrointestinal complaints in the community, presence or absence of fever
  • Pathogen, presence or absence of fever
  • Patient’s fluid intake, pathogen
  • Patient’s fluid intake, presence or absence of fever

For otherwise healthy patients who do not show signs or symptoms of dehydration, healthcare providers would recommend the following to treat a 2-day episode of diarrhea:

  • Over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medications
  • Restrict fluids
  • Short course of antibiotics until stool culture results are known
  • All of the above
  • None of the above

Which of the following describes a public health-related responsibility of healthcare providers who are seeing patients with complaints of acute diarrhea?

  • A notifiable disease form should be completed for every patient with diarrhea.
    Patients should be asked whether they are employed in food or healthcare industries.
  • Stool cultures should be collected on all patients with complaints of diarrhea so that pathogens that may affect the community can be identified quickly.
  • The names of restaurants where the patients have eaten should be collected and provided to the local health department.
  • All of the above

Education about the following topics should be provided to patients with complaints of acute diarrhea:

  • Bland diets and food diaries
  • Bland diets and food safety
  • Bland diets and hand washing
  • Food diaries and hand washing
  • Food safety and hand washing

Which of the following statements about the epidemiology of diarrhea is true?

  • Approximately 500,000 episodes of acute diarrhea occur annually in the United States.
  • Diarrheal diseases are a significant global health problem, accounting for 1 in 9 child deaths worldwide.
  • In the United States, the burden of diarrheal disease is easy to measure because almost all patients receive medical attention when they experience diarrhea.
  • In the United States, older adults (≥65 years of age) are the age group who are most likely to experience diarrhea.
  • In the United States, diarrhea is not among the top 5 reasons for outpatient visits for gastrointestinal symptoms.

Foodborne illness symptoms can include:

  • Allergic-like symptoms such as itching or burning sensations
  • Fever and fatigue
  • Symptoms related to the gastrointestinal system like abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting
  • Symptoms related to the nervous systems like double-vision, paralysis, and tingling sensations.
  • All of the above

Which of the following statements is true regarding the epidemiology of foodborne illness?

  • Approximately one in six people are sickened annually in the United States because of foodborne illness.
  • In the United States, 3,000 people die annually because of foodborne illnesses.
  • More than 100,000 people in the United States are hospitalized annually because of foodborne illness in the United States.
  • Norovirus is the known pathogen that is responsible for the most cases of foodborne illness in the United States.
  • All of the above

Which statement is true about laboratory testing options for patients with diarrhea?

  • Laboratory testing on blood, stool, and urine should be requested for all patients with complaints of diarrhea.
  • Stool culture is the method by which all foodborne, infectious diseases are diagnosed.
  • The results of stool culture tests for all patients with diarrhea are critical to guiding their treatment.
  • The results of the stool culture tests for patients with diarrhea can be more important to guiding public health efforts than to treating individual patients.
  • The use of culture-independent diagnostic testing, rather than stool cultures, in cases of diarrhea will help public health departments quickly link cases of foodborne illness from across the country.

Which of the following are communicable disease responsibilities of public health departments?

  • Clinical trials, diagnosis, health education
  • Clinical trials, immunization, surveillance
  • Diagnosis, health education, immunization
  • Diagnosis, health education, surveillance
  • Health education, immunization, surveillance

Which of the following represents an appropriate method of reporting concerns about a potential foodborne illness?

  • Clinicians report all patients presenting with vomiting and diarrhea to the local public health department.
  • Clinicians report concerns about possible foodborne illness only after laboratory confirmation to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • Clinicians report concerns about possible foodborne illness to the local health department only after laboratory confirmation.

  • Consumer who becomes ill after eating at a restaurant contacts the local public health department.

  • Consumer who becomes ill after eating at a restaurant contacts the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

An outbreak is defined as when:

  • CDC confirms that the same reportable pathogen is present in more than one state.

  • More than one jurisdiction reports the same reportable pathogen.
  • The same reportable pathogen is confirmed in at least two members of a household.
  • There is an increase in the number of cases of a disease above what is normally expected in a population.
  • There is one confirmed laboratory result of a reportable pathogen.

Which of the following is an appropriate method for information to be gathered in an outbreak investigation?

  • Clinicians ask patients to contact the health department because the health department doesn’t have the authority to contact private citizens.
  • Clinicians share patients’ medical information with the public health department after the patients provide permission.
  • Clinicians share patients’ medical information with the public health department without seeking patient permission.
  • Public health department contacts patients after healthcare providers confirm the patients’ willingness to speak with the health department.
  • Public health department’s environmental health specialists collect a sample of each food product available at a potential source of an outbreak and send all samples to the laboratory for testing.

Which of the following statements describes the standard approach to multi-state outbreak investigations in the United States?

  • If more than one state is involved in an outbreak, and federal agencies like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are involved, state health officials execute the local investigations.
  • If more than one state is involved in an outbreak, clinicians in an affected area should contact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) with any updates regarding new cases.
  • If more than one state is involved in an outbreak, federal public health specialists from the CDC take over the investigation so that local and state public health can focus on their routine public health functions.
  • If more than one state is involved in an outbreak, local health departments share their updates with state officials, who in turn, update the national officials.
  • Local health department workers contact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) directly when they have updates associated with a multi-state outbreak.

Which of the following statements is true about risk communication?

  • Acknowledging the public’s fears can cause more panic, so it should be avoided.
  • Acknowledging uncertainty should be avoided.
  • Risk communication is a communication strategy to diminish panic.
  • Risk communication is a science-based approach for communicating effectively in situations of high stress, high concern, or controversy.
  • Risk communication is a strategy of communicating only what is known during emergencies.

Which of the following is a true statement about the roles of healthcare providers and public health professionals in the context of a foodborne outbreak

  • After the contaminated food source is identified, the public health agency’s responsibilities are complete, and the healthcare providers have the responsibility to assess and treat additional patients until the outbreak has subsided.
  • Because healthcare providers do not always encounter patients who are representative of the entire community, they do not have a role in identifying potential foodborne outbreaks.
  • Healthcare professionals who suspect that patients are experiencing foodborne illnesses should send those patients to the local health department to be examined.
  • Providing food safety education is an example of an intervention that can be provided by clinical and public health professionals.
  • The collection of suspect food items is a shared responsibility of the healthcare providers and public health agencies.

Three federal entities with responsibilities for food safety are:

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of the Interior, Food and Drug Administration
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Agriculture, Food and Drug Administration
  • Department of Agriculture, Department of the Interior, Food and Drug Administration
  • Department of the Interior, Department of Transportation, Food and Drug Administration
  • Food and Drug Administration, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes for Health

Which of the following are part of a public health department’s preparation for public health emergencies?

  • Community preparedness
  • Epidemiologic investigations and surveillance
  • Fatality management
  • Mass dispensing of medications
  • All of the above

Which of the following interventions associated with a foodborne outbreak can be applied to other public health emergencies?

  • Epidemiologic studies to study relationships between exposures and illness
  • Health education to minimize exposure and risks
  • Information sharing between healthcare and public health professionals
  • Surveillance for unusual clinical syndromes
  • All of the above

Which of the following provides the most reliable information as a public health emergency evolves?

  • Newest results on an Internet search
  • Peer-reviewed scientific journals
  • Public health agencies, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • Social media posts from affected individuals
  • All of the above

What community representatives would be important to convene when developing a public health preparedness plan?

  • First responders
  • Healthcare providers
  • Major employers
  • School systems
  • All of the above

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